Fluency Disorder / Stuttering

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What is Fluency Disorder / Stuttering?

Cluttering:

Fast distorted speech

Stuttering:

Interruption the fluency of speech with repetitions, prolongations, and blocks.

Stuttering can be described as sound, syllable, word repetitions & prolongations, difficulty in starting to speak with symptoms such as problems with fluency and rhythm of the speech.

Stuttering may also be accompanied by speech and language or articulation disorders. As a person’s awareness of own stuttering increases, and effort to hide and prevent it can also be observed.

Avoiding behaviours such as giving up on saying what to say, choosing another word instead of the one he has difficulty producing, using filler words (uh, um etc.), brief silence for certain syllables or words, or pauses within a word, excess tension, tightness, or movement of the face or upper body when producing the word, anxiety about talking can be increased.

Stuttering may be increased when the person is excited or stressed. It is a speech problem that usually occurs in the second year of life, between 2-5 ages, and it is one of the most common childhood speech problems. It affects 4 out of 100 children. In 3 out of these 4 children, it disappears spontaneously without any intervention, however it is not always possible to predict which child will recover in advance.

As with many developmental disorders, it is 4 times more common in boys than in girls. In the studies conducted to date, no definitive conclusion has been obtained regarding the causes of stuttering. However, in recent studies, stuttering is thought to be a neurophysiological problem. It turns out the brain activities of the individuals who stutter and who do not stutter is markedly different. This has shown that there is a disorder in the systems that regulate speech in the brains of people who stutter.

Familial and hereditary factors have an important role in stuttering. 40-60 percent of stuttering individuals usually have a member in their family who stutters or has stuttered at some point in their life.

Stuttering can be controlled with appropriate therapies. The main goal of the stuttering therapy is to control stuttering and to help the individual speak fluently.

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